Smoke in your car - some basic knowledge

Dodane: 15-08-2016 15:01
Smoke in your car - some basic knowledge Jaguar smoking exhaust

Car and its maintenance price

The costs of car usage, which may include the cost of: acquiring the vehicle, repairs and auto maintenance, fuel, depreciation, driving time, parking fees, taxes, and insurance, are weighed against the cost of the alternatives, and the value of the benefits ? perceived and real ? of vehicle usage. The benefits may include on-demand transportation, mobility, independence and convenience. During the 1920s, cars had another benefit: "couples finally had a way to head off on unchaperoned dates, plus they had a private space to snuggle up close at the end of the night."

Similarly the costs to society of encompassing car use, which may include those of: maintaining roads, land use, air pollution, road congestion, public health, health care, and of disposing of the vehicle at the end of its life, can be balanced against the value of the benefits to society that car use generates. The societal benefits may include: economy benefits, such as job and wealth creation, of car production and maintenance, transportation provision, society wellbeing derived from leisure and travel opportunities, and revenue generation from the tax opportunities. The ability for humans to move flexibly from place to place has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies.


the internal combustion engine

The word "engine" derives from Old French engin, from the Latin ingenium?the root of the word ingenious. Pre-industrial weapons of war, such as catapults, trebuchets and battering rams, were called "siege engines", and knowledge of how to construct them was often treated as a military secret. The word "gin", as in "cotton gin", is short for "engine". Most mechanical devices invented during the industrial revolution were described as engines?the steam engine being a notable example. However, the original steam engines, such as those by Thomas Savery, were not mechanical engines but pumps. In this manner, a fire engine in its original form was merely a water pump, with the engine being transported to the fire by horses.

In modern usage, the term engine typically describes devices, like steam engines and internal combustion engines, that burn or otherwise consume fuel to perform mechanical work by exerting a torque or linear force (usually in the form of thrust). Examples of engines which exert a torque include the familiar automobile gasoline and diesel engines, as well as turboshafts. Examples of engines which produce thrust include turbofans and rockets.

When the internal combustion engine was invented, the term "motor" was initially used to distinguish it from the steam engine?which was in wide use at the time, powering locomotives and other vehicles such as steam rollers. "Motor" and "engine" later came to be used interchangeably in casual discourse. However, technically, the two words have different meanings. An engine is a device that burns or otherwise consumes fuel, changing its chemical composition, whereas a motor is a device driven by electricity, air, or hydraulic pressure, which does not change the chemical composition of its energy source.3 However, rocketry uses the term rocket motor, even though they consume fuel.

A heat engine may also serve as a prime mover?a component that transforms the flow or changes in pressure of a fluid into mechanical energy.4 An automobile powered by an internal combustion engine may make use of various motors and pumps, but ultimately all such devices derive their power from the engine. Another way of looking at it is that a motor receives power from an external source, and then converts it into mechanical energy, while an engine creates power from pressure (derived directly from the explosive force of combustion or other chemical reaction, or secondarily from the action of some such force on other substances such as air, water, or steam).5

Devices converting heat energy into motion are commonly referred to simply as engines.6


What determines the success of a garage?

Obecnie w niemal każdym domu znajduje się co najmniej jeden samochód. Ponieważ auto można kupić w stosunkowo niewielkiej cenie, coraz więcej osób decyduje się na własny pojazd. Zapewnia to niezależność i wygodę, ale również niesie ze sobą konieczność serwisowania samochodu. Dlatego też warsztaty naprawcze cieszą się tak dużym zainteresowaniem i mogą stać się dobrym źródłem zarobku. Aby jednak było to możliwe, konieczne jest wypracowanie sobie dobrej opinii wśród zadowolonych klientów. W takich przypadkach najlepiej działa poczta pantoflowa ? jeśli rzetelnie wykonamy swoją usługę, właściciel naprawionego auta z pewnością poleci nas znajomym. Dlatego też najważniejszą kwestią w prowadzeniu własnego warsztatu samochodowego jest oferowanie usług na najwyższym poziomie.